Historically, the district is named after Bhani, the wife of a Rajput king, Neem Singh who founded this region. Later, name was change to Bhiyani and then finally to Bhiwani. From the time of Mughal rule the place was famous as a centre of commerce. Bhiwani is also well-known for its beautiful temples and for the very reason it is known as the " Kashi of Haryana" of India. The evidences of Harrapa civilization are founded here. The Kushan, Gupta and the Youdheya ruled the region. The name of the region is mentioned in Ain-i-Akbari as one of the main centers of commerce.
Dinesh Kumar is an Indian boxer from Bhiwani. He represented India at the 2008 Olympics at light-heavy weight boxing. Jagdish Singh is an Indian boxer as well as a boxing coach. He established the Bhiwani Boxing Club (BBC) in 2001. He was awarded with the Dronacharya Award in 2007. Jitender Kumar is an Indian boxer. He got the medal twice at Commonwealth Games. He represented Indian in the Olympic games of 2000 and 2004. Vijender Singh Beniwal is an Indian professional boxer. He has won several national and international competitions including Olymic games. He has awarded with the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award and Padma Shri. He won the Bronze medal in the World Amateur Boxing Championship. He has signed a multi-year agreement with Queens berry Promotions.
Geographically, the district has a total 4,778 sq. km. area and occupies the rank 1st in State and 241st in India on the bases of this size. It lies at 28°80'N latitude, 76°13'E longitude and 225 m altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 2.33% forest area of total geographical area. The climate of the district remains extremely hot in the summer and fairly cold in the winter. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 428.6 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 7 sub-district, 6 towns and 444 villages. Hindi is its official language. In the state of Haryana with an allotted district code of 81 the district of Bhiwani came into existence on 22nd December, 1972 with its administrative headquarters located at Bhiwani which is situated at a distance of 276 kms from the State Capital.
Demographically, according to the 2011 census, the district has a total number of 3,08,812 households with a total of 16,34,445 comprising 8,66,672 are males and 7,67,773 are females. In terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 3rd in the State and 305th in India. The density of population of the district is 342 persons per sq. km. The sex ratio is pegged at 886 females for every 1000 males while the child ratio stands at 832 females per 1000 males. The schedule caste population of the district is recorded as 3,41,162 including 1,81,475 are males and 1,59,687 are females. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 30,402 out of which 16,097 were males and 14,305 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 11,932 out of which 7,212 were males and 4,719 were females. As per 2011 census the percentage of major religion practiced by the people of this region is Hindu with 98.57%. The population growth rate during the period 2001-2011 was 14.70% out of which 14.30% were males and 15.15% were females. According to 2001 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 99.32%.
Economically, the district is primarily dependent on the agriculture sector. The GDDP or Gross District Domestic Product during the period 2005-06 was Rs. 4,36,969 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 3,49,754 lakh at Constant Prices during the period 1999-2000. The NDDP or Net District Domestic Product during the period 2005-06 was Rs. 4,04,535 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 3,26,139 lakh at Constant Prices during the period 1999-2000. The Per Capita Income or NDDP at factor cost during the period 2011-12 was Rs. 67,050 lakh at Current Price during the period 2004-2005.
Education wise, according to the 2011 census, the literacy rate is 75.21% including 85.65% are males and 63.54% are females. The total literate population of the district is 10,69,871 including 6,43,158 are males and 4,26,713 are females. The district has a number of educational institutes including schools and colleges. Chaudhary Bansi Lal University (CBLU) is a Harayana State university. It was established in the year 2014. It is named after the former Chief Minister of Harayana Mr. Bansi Lal. It offers post graduate courses in Arts, Commerce and Science. The district consists of four engineering colleges namely B.R.C.M. College of Engineering & Technology, Institute of Technology and Science (ITS), The Technological Institute of Textile and Sciences and Balaji college of Engineering (polytechnic). Graduate and Post Graduate colleges here are Adrash PG College (for Girls), Bansilal Govt. Girl College, C.C.C Nursing College, Govt. College, Govt. Polytechnic, Janta Vidya Mandir, Ch. Kirori Mal B.Ed. College, Vaish PG College, Ch. Bansi Lal University, etc.
Bansi Lal was the former Chief Minister of Haryana. He served on this post trice. He was an Indian Hindu Jat independence activist. He belonged to the Indian National Congress. Lal was elected to the State Assembly seven times. He was also the Defence Minister from 1975 to 1977. He formed his own party named Haryana Vikas Party in 1996. General Vijay Kumar Singh is a retired four star general in the Indian Army. After retirement, he joined the politics and served as the Minister of State of External Affairs and Minister of state (independent charge) for North East Region in 2014. His auto biographical book is ‘Courage and Conviction’.
The district has a numerous famous historical and religious tourist places. The places of interest in the district are Ancient Site of Naurangabad, Fort of Loharu, Palace of Dadri, Prithviraj ki Kutcheri, Star Monument, Tombs of Loharu and many more. In the year 2020-2021, there were total 8,364 domestic tourists who visited the above places. The fort of Loharu is 440 year-old fort. It was built in 1570 A.D. by a Hindu Rajput named Arjan Singh. Later, it was occupied by Nawabs of Loharu. It has a big doorway towards the East. The last Sikh king of of Jind built a palace in the memory of his daughter in Charkhi Dadri. At a glance Prithviraj Ki Kutcheri was the court of Rajput ruler, Prithviraj Chauhan. A large number of coins, coin-moulds, seals and sealing of different kings such as Yaudheya, Indo-Greek, Kushana and Gupta periods are founded in the ancient Site of Naurangabad.