District Level Information of Kurukshetra (Haryana)
About Kurukshetra District (Haryana)

Historically, Kurukshetra is called as Dharmakshetra or Holy Place. The word 'Kurukshetra' means the land of the Kauravas. According to the Puranas, Kurukshetra is named after King Kuru who was the ancestor of Kauravas and Pandavas. War of the Mahabharata was fought on this land. Lord Krishna preached Bhagvad Gita here during this war. The notable Vamana Purana explains how King Kuru came to this place and settle here. The king chose the banks of Sarasvati River this region for the purpose of embedding spirituality with eight virtues such as austerity (Tapas (Sanskrit)), truth (Satya), forgiveness (Kshama), kindness (daya), purity (Shuddha), charity (Daana), Yajna and Brahmacharya. Then Lord Vishnu was impressed with this act of King Kuru and blessed him. God blessed him with two boons one that in future this land will be known as a Holy Land though out the world after his name as Kurukshetra meaning the land of Kuru and the other one that anyone demising on this land will directly go to heaven. The region is also known by the name of Uttravedi, Brahmavedi, Dharamkshetra and Kurukshetra at different periods. During the period of King Harsha, the region flourished and progressed very much. The place of Kurukshetra was emerged as a separate district in the map of Haryana district in the year 1973.

Sandeep Singh was born on 27th February, 1986. He is a hockey player. He was also the ex-captain of the Indian national team. The Government of India honored him with prestigious Arjuna Award in 2010 for his remarkable contribution in the field of hockey.

Geographically, the district has a total 1,530 sq. km. area and occupies the rank 15th in State and 562nd in India on the bases of this size. It lies at 29°98'N latitude, 76°89'E longitude and 241 m altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 2.62% forest area of total geographical area. It has a plain and fertile area. It is known as the 'Rice Bowl of India'. Mostly, the tube well water is used for irrigation. In the year 2015, there was total 1.76% rest area of total geographical area. The climate of the district is very much hot in summer (up to 47°C) and very cold in winter (down to 1°C). most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 894.4 mm in the year of 2021-22.

Administrative wise, the district is divided into 3 sub-districts, 5 towns and 415 villages. Hindi is its official language. The administrative headquarters of the district is located at Kurukshetra town, situated at a distance of 93 kms from the State Capital.

Demographically, according to the 2011 census, the district has to a total number of 1,79,391 households with a total of 9,64,655 comprising 5,10,976 are males and 4,53,679 are females which causing it to rank 16th in the State and 452nd in India. The density of population of the district is 630 persons per sq. km. The sex ratio is pegged at 888 females for every 1000 males while the child ratio stands at 818 females per 1000 males. The schedule caste population of the district is recorded as 2,15,128 including 1,13,311 are males and 1,01,817 are females. As per 2011 census the percentage of the major religions practiced by the people of this region is Hindu with 83.47%. According to 2011 census the principal languages in the district are Hindi and Punjabi with 81.94% and 17.47%. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 15,738 out of which 8,150 were males and 7,588 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 7,614 out of which 4,582 were males and 3,030 were females. The population growth rate during the period 2001 to 2011 was 16.86% out of which 15.52% were males and 18.42% were females.

Economically, the district is dependent on agriculture primarily. The GDDP or Gross District Domestic Product during the period 2005-06 was Rs. 2,99,405 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 2,42,393 lakh at Constant Prices during the period 1999-2000. The NDDP, or Net District Domestic Product during the period 2005-06 was Rs. 2,77,064 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 2,26,873 lakh at Constant Price during the period 1999-2000. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, at factor cost during the period 2011-12 was Rs. 82,590 lakh at Current Price during the period 2004-2005.

Education wise, according to the 2011 census, the literacy rate is 76.31% out of which 83.02% are males and 68.84% are females. The total literate population of the district is 6,46,893 including 3,70,828 are males and 2,76,065 are females. The district has several educational institutes including schools and colleges. There a numerous colleges which are affiliated by the Kurukshetra University such as Sri. Satya Sai College of Education, D.A.V. College, Pehowa, University College, Kurukshetra University (Maintained), Bhagwan Parshu Ram College, Dayanand Mahila Mahavidyalaya, M.N. College, Shahabad Markanda, Seth Navrang Rai Lohia, Jai Ram Girls College, I.G. National College, etc. The district also has a number of technical institutes such as List of engineering colleges, Jind Institute of Engineering and Technology, JMIT, Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Management and Technology, RKSD College of Pharmacy, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Technology Education and Research Integrated Institutions, Technology Education and Research Integrated Institutions, etc.

Dr. Ram Prakash is an Indian politician from Indian National Congress party. He represented Haryana in the Rajya Sabha. Recently, he is also the chancellor of Gurukul Kangri University. Dr. Pawan Saini was born in the year 1971. He is a doctor, social activist and politician from the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP). In 2014, He was elected as an MLA from Ladwa assembly constituency.

The district has a number of famous historical and religious places to visit. These places are Ancient Mound Amin, Bhadrakali Temple, Bhishma Kund, Bhor Saidan-Crocodile Farm, Bodh Stupa, Brahm Sarovar, Dharohar Museum, Gurudawara Mastgarh, Jyotisar, Kalpana Chawla Memorial Planetarium, Kurukshetra Panorama and Science Centre, Raja Karna ka Qila, Shaikh Chehli's Tomb, Shri Krishna Museum, Mini Zoo. In the year 2020-2021, there were total 10,09,965 domestic tourists and 7,269 foreign tourists who visited the above places.

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